Words we use and what they mean.

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) 

Actions we do daily as part of the self-care routine including bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, and other personal care activities. Occupational therapists, home health aides, and personal care assistants often coach or assist our patients with their ADLs.


Anyone who provides care for a senior including family members, friends, home health aides, personal care assistants, and medical professionals like nurses, physical, occupational and speech therapists. Most all of us will be caregivers at some point in our lives.

Custodial Care 

Non-medical assistance with activities of daily life (such as bathing, eating, dressing, using the toilet) for patients who need assistance performing those activities.

Home Care 

Care delivered in the home including both medical and private-duty, non-medical care.

Home Health Care 

Intermittent medical care provided by a Medicare-certified agency. Care is delivered by nurses and other skilled clinicians including physical, occupational, and speech therapist and overseen by a physician. The home health care team may also include a home health aide for limited personal care.

Home Health Nurse 

Includes both Registered Nurses (RN’s) who oversee home health care and complete initial assessments and Licensed Practical Nurses (LPN’s) who deliver routine care.

State Tested Nurse Assistant (STNA) 

An Ohio Department of Health approved training program/designation for aides working in long-term care settings, hospitals, homecare, and hospice who perform basic patient care.

Home Health Aide (HHA) 

A trained professional who provides personal care like bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and minor housekeeping, meal preparation, and dementia support services under the supervision of a Registered Nurse (RN) during an episode of care.

Physical Therapy (PT) 

Helps restore strength, flexibility, coordination, mobility, and general function to patients experiencing a decline or after a hospital or rehab stay.

Private Duty/non-medical home care

Services provided by Home Care Concierge to bring practical in-home care solutions to seniors when they need a helping hand.

Occupational Therapy (OT) 

Helps improve, sustain, or restore independence after an injury or illness by focusing on Activities of Daily Living.

Speech Therapy (ST) 

Helps restore or improve speech, language, swallowing, and cognitive function loss after an illness or injury including stroke and dementia.

Medical Social Worker (MSW) 

Provides grief counseling, coordination of community resources, and assistance with social and emotional issues that often accompany acute and chronic illness.